Adhesive Capsulitis

Adhesive Capsulitis

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by the gradual loss of movement in the shoulder joint, specifically the glenohumeral joint. The glenohumeral joint is formed by the ball-shaped humeral head and the socket-like glenoid, making it one of the most mobile joints in the body.


In cases of frozen shoulder, the joint undergoes a process where the capsule surrounding it thickens and tightens. This results in the formation of adhesions, fibrous bands that restrict movement and cause the joint to become “stuck.” As a consequence, the affected individual experiences significant limitations in the range of motion of the shoulder.


The progression of frozen shoulder typically occurs in stages. The condition often starts with pain and discomfort, followed by a gradual reduction in the ability to move the shoulder in various directions. Over time, the shoulder may become increasingly stiff, and routine activities that involve arm movement can become challenging.


The exact cause of frozen shoulder is not always clear, but it is more common in individuals with certain risk factors, such as age (more prevalent in people over 40), gender (women are more often affected), and certain medical conditions like diabetes. Treatment for frozen shoulder may involve physical therapy, pain management, and, in some cases, anti-inflammatory medications. In severe instances, interventions such as joint distension or surgery may be considered.


Early diagnosis and appropriate management are crucial for alleviating symptoms and restoring normal shoulder function in individuals with frozen shoulder.

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