When the River Meuse froze in 1680, potatoes were cut into the shape of fish, fried, and used as a substitute to their main staple. Replacing animal fats with tropical vegetable oils, such as palm oil, simply substitutes one saturated fat for another. The Americans thought that the soldiers were French hence the origin of the name ‘French fries’. , Although french fries were a popular dish in most British Commonwealth countries, the "thin style" french fries have been popularized worldwide in large part by the large American fast food chains such as McDonald's, Burger King, and Wendy's. Historians claim that the recipe came from French chef, Honoré Julien. Subsequently, in 1967, Ray Kroc of McDonald's contracted the Simplot company to supply them with frozen fries, replacing fresh-cut potatoes. Pommes gaufrettes are waffle fries. French fries (n.) 1903, American English, earlier French fried potatoes (by 1856); see French (adj.) When the cold winter would come, the river they usually caught their fish in froze over. Testament to the esteem in which fries are held here, the delicacy even has a museum dedicated to it. – Cut new potatoes in thin slices, put them in boiling fat, and a little salt; fry both sides of a light golden brown colour; drain. A person from the US or Canada might instead refer to these more thickly-cut chips as steak fries, depending on the shape, as the word chips is more often used to refer to potato chips, known in the UK and Ireland as crisps. Dirty fries – fries covered in melted cheese, bits of bacon and chili pepper. In the early 20th century, the term "french fried" was being used in the sense of "deep-fried" for foods like onion rings or chicken. The water and heat break the glycosidic linkages between amylopectin and amylose strands, allowing a new gel matrix to form via hydrogen bonds which aid in water retention. However, other sources disagree. Deep frying submerges food in hot fat, most commonly oil. museum celebrates the humble spud | The Chronicle Herald, About McCain Foods – Global Family Owned Food Business, "Backstage at La Banquise – because it's always poutine week there", "A Staple From Quebec, Embarrassing but Adored", Currywurst – die Erfindung: Nur ohne ist sie das Original, "Why South Africans Go Mad for These Soggy Fries", "Fries or chips? As for the dish’s modern day name, French fries, many people believe French soldiers were introduced to fried potatoes by the Belgians during the Franco-Austrian war of 1859. Another origin story dates to the First World War, when British and American soldiers enjoyed fries at local establishments along the border between France and Belgium, where much of the worst fighting took place. They were also reportedly popular at the time when the French Revolution took place. French restaurants still serve the fries in Paris on the Pont Neuf where they originated from, according to the French connoisseurs. Many Americans attribute the dish to France and offer as evidence a notation by U.S. President Thomas Jefferson: "Pommes de terre frites à cru, en petites tranches" ("Potatoes deep-fried while raw, in small slices") in a manuscript in Thomas Jefferson's hand (circa 1801–1809) and the recipe almost certainly comes from his French chef, Honoré Julien. Firstly, the origin country of French fries is hotly contested; many say it came from Belgium, while others insist they originated in France. A popular dish in France is steak frites, which is steak accompanied by thin french fries. Currently, fries are a common side dish in Latin American cuisine or part of larger preparations like the salchipapas in Peru or chorrillana in Chile. , French fries primarily contain carbohydrates (mostly in the form of starch) and protein from the potato, and fat absorbed during the deep-frying process. In 1865, Gogué, in France, wrote to cut them either round or "in long and squared pieces"; in 1870, Cauderlier, in Belgium, also offered both options. What started out as an alternative paved the way for the creation of our beloved French fries. The standard deep-fried cut potatoes in the United Kingdom are called chips, and are cut into pieces between 10 and 15 mm (0.39 and 0.59 in) wide. French fries (n.) 1903, American English, earlier French fried potatoes (by 1856); see French (adj.) , The first commercially available chips in the UK were sold by Mrs. 'Granny' Duce in one of the West Riding towns in 1854. One of the first documented mentions is given by Chilean criollo Francisco Núñez de Pineda y Bascuñán in his work Cautiverio feliz (1673), where he says that Mapuche women "sent fried and stewed potatoes" in a dinner while he stayed in the Fort Nativity during 1629. Potatos were a means of sustenance for citizens who didn't have the privileges enjoyed by the clergy or nobility. At that time, the term "french fries" was growing in popularity – the term was already used in the United States as early as 1899 – although it is not clear whether this referred to batons (chips) or slices of potato e.g. Also, given 18th century economic conditions: "It is absolutely unthinkable that a peasant could have dedicated large quantities of fat for cooking potatoes. The French fry—though indisputably a fry—may not actually be French. The 510 calories come from 66 g of carbohydrates, 24 g of fat, 7 g of protein and 350 mg of sodium. In Belgium, people often team their fries with cooked mussels or with a fried egg on top. In 2004, 29% of the United States' potato crop was used to make frozen fries – 90% consumed by the food services sector and 10% by retail.  The United States is also known for supplying China with most of their french fries as 70% of China's french fries are imported. First sold by street vendors on Paris's Pont Neuf in the 1780s, the thin potato fritters were one of the most sold items before the outbreak of French revolution. The exact times of the two baths depend on the size of the potatoes.  It is estimated that in the UK, 80% of households buy frozen chips each year. With all of the tales of how the fry was invented, the history of french fries is rather confusing as to who made what and where. The origin of French fries is somewhat mysterious. In addition to ketchup and mayonnaise, popular options include: aioli, sauce andalouse, sauce Americaine, joppiesaus, Bicky Dressing (Gele Bicky-sauce), curry mayonnaise, mammoet-sauce, peanut sauce, samurai-sauce, sauce "Pickles", pepper-sauce, tartar sauce, zigeuner sauce, and à la zingara. , French fries are the main ingredient in the Canadian/Québécois dish known (in both Canadian English and Canadian French) as poutine, a dish consisting of fried potatoes covered with cheese curds and brown gravy. , As the place of origin of the potato, the earliest records of fries are found in Latin America. " This account referred to thin, shallow-fried slices of potato (French cut) – it is not clear where or when the now familiar deep-fried batons or fingers of potato were first prepared. When the river froze over during cold weather, the Belgian people ate potatoes fried in fat. About Sushmita SenguptaSharing a strong penchant for food, Sushmita loves all things good, cheesy and greasy. One of the first documented mentions is given by Chilean criollo Francisco Núñez de Pineda y Bascuñán in his work Cautiverio feliz (1673), where he says that Mapuche women "sent fried and stewed potatoes" in a dinner while he stayed in the Fort Nativity during 1629.. , At least one source says that "french fries" for deep-fried potato batons was also introduced when American, Canadian, and British soldiers arrived in Belgium during World War I. The general belief when it comes to the history of French fries is that it came from France. This step can be done in advance. True, there is a lot of credit due to the person who came up with the ingenious idea to fry the potatoes in such a way, but if you have been crediting a certain Frenchmen for the crispy goodness, you may want read its twisted history. They are then placed in a colander or on a cloth to drain, salted, and served. Friteries and other fast food establishments tend to offer a number of different sauces for the fries and meats. This was primarily for trade reasons; french fries do not meet the standard to be listed as a processed food. For many years partially hydrogenated vegetable oils were used as a means of avoiding cholesterol and reducing saturated fatty acid content, but in time the trans fat content of these oils was perceived as contributing to cardiovascular disease. This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 11:28. A partial list, in alphabetical order: Shoestring fries with blue cheese dressing, Fries tend to be served with a variety of accompaniments, such as salt and vinegar (malt, balsamic or white), pepper, Cajun seasoning, grated cheese, melted cheese, mushy peas, heated curry sauce, curry ketchup (mildly spiced mix of the former), hot sauce, relish, mustard, mayonnaise, bearnaise sauce, tartar sauce, chili, tzatziki, feta cheese, garlic sauce, fry sauce, butter, sour cream, ranch dressing, barbecue sauce, gravy, honey, aioli, brown sauce, ketchup, lemon juice, piccalilli, pickled cucumber, pickled gherkins, pickled onions or pickled eggs. Back then, all fries and fish and chips and cheese sticks were deep fried in beef tallow. They are eaten in the United States and also in many countries all around the world. According to many of the “Belgian origin” supporters, French fries are called French fries because, during WWI, American soldiers were introduced to fries by the Belgians.  In addition, from 1813 on, recipes for what can be described as "french fries" occur in popular American cookbooks. Taylor & Francis, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), "chip: definition of chip in Oxford dictionary (British English)", "French fried: From Monticello to the Moon, A Social, Political and Cultural Appreciation of the French Fry", La véritable histoire de la pomme de terre frite, Patatzak vouwen – Video – Allerhande – Albert Heijn, "La Frite se mange-t-elle à toutes les sauces?  Fries are very popular in Belgium, where they are known as frieten (in Dutch) or frites (in French), and the Netherlands, where among the working classes they are known as patat in the north and, in the south, friet(en). The Frietmuseum has everything you need to know about the history of Belgian fries, and offers visitors the opportunity to discover a variety of recipes. , French fries migrated to the German-speaking countries during the 19th century. Thomas Jefferson had "potatoes served in the French manner" at a White House dinner in 1802. The origin story Despite its name and popularity, the French fries are not French. For other uses, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. French fries get their name from French frying, a method of frying food. " Gérard has not produced the manuscript that supports this claim due to the fact that it is unrelated to the later history of the French fry, as the potato did not arrive in the region until around 1735.  From the Belgian standpoint the popularity of the term "french fries" is explained as a "French gastronomic hegemony" into which the cuisine of Belgium was assimilated because of a lack of understanding coupled with a shared language and geographic proximity of the countries. For example, for 2–3 mm strips, the first bath takes about 3 minutes, and the second bath takes only seconds. The real history of French fries. (Roughly 0.4, 0.3 and 0.15 inch respectively.) Since potatoes were an […] Those who believe they originated in France say that they were first sold in 1789 by … But at first, these were cut in rounds. In America, you refer to french fries as either “french fries” or … The origin of the name is thus the country of origin French and not the cooking term french. To draw a certain sense of distinction in skinny and deep fried vs. fat and pan fried. History of French Fries. This article has been rated as GA-Class. This is necessary because if the potato cuts are only fried once, the temperature would either be too hot, causing only the exterior to be cooked and not the inside, or not hot enough where the entire fry is cooked, but its crispy exterior will not develop. Sushmita Sengupta | Updated: December 11, 2017 17:13 IST. Professor Paul Ilegems, curator of the Frietmuseum in Bruges, Belgium, believes that Saint Teresa of Ávila of Spain cooked the first french fries, and refers also to the tradition of frying in Mediterranean cuisine as evidence. A baked variant, oven chips, uses less oil or no oil. Many people have wondered over the years where do they come from and how could anyone managed to create such an interesting food. Belgian villagers uses to slice their fish really thin, fry them and eat them as a snack. They are occasionally made from unpeeled potatoes (skins showing). French fries has been listed as a level-5 vital article in Life.  They may then be fried in one or two stages. They are served with a large variety of Belgian sauces and eaten either on their own or with other snacks. Ever wonder why French fries are called French fries if they aren’t even from France?  A meta-analysis indicated that dietary acrylamide is not related to the risk of most common cancers, but could not exclude a modest association for kidney, endometrial or ovarian cancers. The French gave the world the hot air balloon, the sewing machine, and the bikini. French fries are a common side dish to burgers, fried chicken, grilled steak and fried fish. , French fries contain some of the highest levels of acrylamides of any foodstuff, and experts have raised concerns about the effects of acrylamides on human health.  These chips are typically thicker and fried at a lower temperature for a longer period of time than regular french fries.  The starch granules are able to retain the water and expand due to gelatinization. in juliennes (aka frenching), not to the type of frying, nor to the country of France. Jim Chevallier, A History of the Food of Paris: From Roast Mammoth to Steak Frites, 2018, Chaloner, W. H.; Henderson, W. O. , Experts have criticized french fries for being very unhealthy. In the United Kingdom, Australia, South Africa, Ireland and New Zealand, the term chips is generally used instead, though thinly cut fried potatoes are usually called french fries, skinny fries, or pommes frites (from French), to distinguish them from chips, which are cut thicker. The temperature will be lower compared to deep frying, and which also reduces acrylamide formation. The golden-brown color of the fry will develop when the amino acids and glucose on the exterior participate in a Maillard browning reaction..  Often served with ketchup or mayonnaise, they are popular as a side dish in restaurants, or as a street-food snack purchased at an Imbissstand (snack stand). French fries became truly popular in fast-food restaurants around the mid 1960s.  Some other sources refer to the old-English verb to french, meaning to cut lengthwise, as the origin of the name. Though potatoes arrived in Europe in the late 1600s they didn't really become accepted as food for a century. French fries; Etymology . Shortening of earlier French-fried potatoes (1856), potatoes prepared in the French style. There are a set of Historians who claim that French fries are indeed French. They are usually salted and, depending on the country, may be served with ketchup, vinegar, mayonnaise, tomato sauce, or other local specialties.  The thick-cut fries are called Pommes Pont-Neuf  or simply pommes frites (about 10 mm); thinner variants are pommes allumettes (matchstick potatoes; about 7 mm), and pommes paille (potato straws; 3–4 mm). To date, neither Belgium nor France were able to prove whether fries originated in their own country. Date, Time And A Planned Menu For The Festive Fare (Recipes Inside), 10 Quirky New French Fries That Will Make Munching Even More Delicious, How To Fry French Fries: Easy Steps To Make Restaurant-Style French Fries At Home, It's Raining Fries! The name is from the method of making them by immersion in fat, which was then considered a peculiarity of French cooking. Her other favourite pastime activities other than discussing food includes, reading, watching movies and binge-watching TV shows. , Pre-made french fries have been available for home cooking since the 1960s, having been pre-fried (or sometimes baked), frozen and placed in a sealed plastic bag. And the origin of said fries may, according to Pierre Leclercq, a Belgian historian of gastronomy, the origin was probably a German man named Krieger who was a traveling food vendor at fairgrounds and used the double frying technique that we praise to this day. The origin story. In … Chips are a thicker cut than french fries, they are generally cooked only once and at a lower temperature. One story is that the phrase “French Fried Potatoes” first appeared in English in 1856 in … + fry (v.). Despite its name and popularity, the French fries are not French. The potatoes are cut into big chunks, partially boiled and then fried. Myth: According to many, French fries are called that way because, during WWI, some French-speaking Belgian soldiers are said to have offered some chips to the American soldiers. At the time, the Belgian Army spoke French. It is debatable whether French fries originated in France or Belgium. The History of French fries. Here's What Experts Reveal, Mommy-To-Be Anushka Sharma's Delicious Panipuri Platter Will Make You Crave For Some (See Pics), Diabetes Diet: Make Methi Palak Gobhi Sabzi To Stay Healthy In Winter, Watch: How To Make Street-Style Kurkuri Aloo Tikki With Chana Dal Stuffing, Rajasthani Makki Dhokla Recipe - Replace Regular Dhokla With This Snack In Winters, Mediterranean Diet Voted As The Best Diet Of 2021, Followed By DASH And Flexitarian Diet: Report, Blueberry Cheesecake: A Creamy And Delicious Recipe For The Pro-Baker In You (Video Inside), Indian Cooking Tips: How To Make Peshawari Chicken Kebabs Under An Hour At Home (Recipe Inside), THIS WEBSITE FOLLOWS THE DNPA CODE OF ETHICS. Chips can be made from sweet potatoes instead of potatoes. The History of French Fries The History of French Fries The term French Fries which referrs to deep fried strips or slices of potato came upon the culinary scene probably sometime in the 1700's. Chefs generally agree that the two-bath technique produces better results. Smeared in Ketchup, mayonnaise or an array of sauces and dips, French-fries make for our most favourite go-to snack in times good, bad and ugly. Fried Potatoes and Acrylamide: Are French Fries Bad For You?  A lower-fat method for producing a French fry-like product is to coat "Frenched" or wedge potatoes in oil and spices/flavoring before baking them. … Either way, the history of the potato itself, in relation to the Belgians and the French, is complicated. According to Jonathan Bonnet, MD, in a TIME magazine article, "fries are nutritionally unrecognizable from a spud" because they "involve frying, salting, and removing one of the healthiest parts of the potato: the skin, where many of the nutrients and fiber are found. Several historians claim that what we enjoy today as French fries, may not be a French creation but a Belgian one. The French gave the world the hot air balloon, the sewing machine, and the bikini. Chip pans are named for their traditional use in frying chips. French fries have quite the complicated origin story.The French, Spanish and Belgians all claim to have invented them — and no one really knows whose story is true. , Belgian journalist Jo Gérard claims that a 1781 family manuscript recounts that potatoes were deep-fried prior to 1680 in the Meuse valley, in what was then the Spanish Netherlands (present-day Belgium): "The inhabitants of Namur, Andenne, and Dinant had the custom of fishing in the Meuse for small fish and frying, especially among the poor, but when the river was frozen and fishing became hazardous, they cut potatoes in the form of small fish and put them in a fryer like those here. War 1 when American soldiers chanced upon the fried food makes sense, due to gelatinization currywurst a. 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